Guitars are incredibly versatile instruments, offering a world of sound beyond standard tunings. However, if you’re venturing into the realm of alternate tunings, you might have noticed some issues like buzzing strings or tuning instability. Don’t worry, though—there’s a way to optimize your guitar for these tunings.
Understanding the Challenge of Alternate Tunings
Alternate tunings present unique challenges. Standard setups might not suffice as they can throw off your guitar’s balance in terms of action, neck relief, and intonation. But fear not! With some adjustments, you can find a happy medium.
Choosing the Right Strings
The first step is string selection. If you’re tuning down (like going from low E to C), opt for thicker strings. These give clarity and depth to lower notes while still being adaptable to standard tunings. Online tools like D’Addario’s string gauge/tension calculator can be immensely helpful here.
Nut Slot Adjustments Are Key
When changing string gauges, especially to thicker ones, it’s crucial to have the nut slots correctly cut. Even slight discrepancies can affect tuning smoothness. Frequent retuners might wear down nut slots faster, so consider using composite materials like Graph Tech Tusq for durability and smoother tuning.
Truss Rod Adjustments for Tension Balance
Thicker strings mean more tension, necessitating truss rod adjustments. The goal is to find a balance between the lowest and highest tuning tensions. For instance, set the truss rod for a middle tension if you switch between standard tuning and a popular alternative like C G D G A D.
Rigid Necks for Better Response
For those frequently playing in alternate tunings, guitars with rigid necks, such as those with carbon-fiber reinforcements, are recommended. Rigid necks minimize variations in neck relief and can enhance the response of lower-frequency notes.
Dealing with Top Deflection and Bridge Saddle Height
Alternate tunings can also affect the guitar’s top deflection, especially in lightly built guitars. Setting the bridge saddle height using a median tuning can help maintain an ideal setup for a range of tunings.
Intonation: A Delicate Balancing Act
Intonation can be tricky with alternate tunings. Thicker, lower tension strings often require more intonation compensation. Finding the right balance between sound quality and tuning accuracy is key. Experimenting with different string compositions can aid in this process.
The Creative Potential of Alternate Tunings
Alternate tunings aren’t just technical challenges—they open up new creative horizons. Artists like Joni Mitchell, Ani DiFranco, and Andy McKee have showcased the immense potential of these tunings. Embracing these tunings can lead to exciting discoveries in your playing and composition.
Setting up your guitar for multiple tunings involves careful consideration of string gauge, truss rod adjustment, and intonation. With these adjustments, you can enhance the sound and playability of your guitar in various tunings, allowing you to explore new musical landscapes. Remember, it’s about finding the right balance to ensure your guitar performs optimally in whatever tuning you choose.
Author: Mike P
Hi! My name is Mike! I’ve been an apartment producer/musician for 10+ years. I’ve played in punk bands, released EDM tunes on Beatport and iTunes, and have a semi-successful stock music portfolio. Read more…